Sunday, December 29, 2019

Italian Nouns Gender and Number

When you start learning Italian grammar, you’ll hear one concept repeated over and over again and that’s: Everything in Italian must agree in gender and number. Before you can do that though, you have to know what gender and number are in Italian. All nouns in Italian have a gender (il genere); that is, they are either masculine or feminine, even those referring to things, qualities, or ideas. This can be a strange concept to native English speakers as cars are often not thought of as being feminine (except to car aficionados) and dogs are not thought of as being masculine, like in Italian. Generally, singular nouns ending in -o are masculine while nouns ending in -a are feminine. There are a number of exceptions, like il poeta — the poet, being masculine, but you can stick to the rule above when in doubt. TIP: Most Italian nouns (i nomi) end in a vowel. Nouns that end in a consonant are of foreign origin. Here are some examples of masculine and feminine nouns. Masculine Nouns AmicoTrenoDollaroPanino Feminine Nouns AmicaBiciclettaLiraStudentessa The most important element to look for in order to determine the gender is the definite article, but you’ll notice that nouns ending in -e may be masculine or feminine, and like many of the lovely things you need to learn, the gender of these nouns must be memorized. Masculine Nouns Examples to Memorize StudenteRistoranteCaffà ¨ Feminine Nouns Examples to Memorize AutomobileNotteArte Nouns ending -ione are generally feminine, while nouns ending in -ore are almost always masculine. televisione (f.) television attore (m.) actor nazione (f.) nation autore (m.) author opinione (f.) opinion professore (m.) professor What about the words like â€Å"bar† that end in a consonant? Those nouns are usually masculine, like autobus, film, or sport. Why Is â€Å"Cinema† Masculine? You’ll start to notice that there are some words that would seem to be feminine, like â€Å"cinema†, since it ends in an -a, are actually masculine. Why is that? This happens because abbreviated nouns retain the gender of the words from which they are derived. In our example above, â€Å"cinema† comes from cinematografo, making it a masculine noun. Other common words this affects are: foto f. (from fotografia)moto f. (from motocicletta)auto f. (from automobile)bici f. (from bicicletta) Is It Singular or Plural? Similar to English, Italian has a different ending when a noun is singular or plural. Unlike English, there are four possible endings instead of English’s one. SINGOLARE PLURALE Nouns ending in: -o change to: -i -a -e -ca -che -e -i amico (m.) friend → amici friends studentessa (f.) → studentesse students amica (f.) friend → amiche friends studente (m.) → studenti students TIP: Nouns ending with an accented vowel or a consonant do not change in the plural, nor do abbreviated words. Un caffà ¨ (one coffee) due caffà ¨ (two coffees)Un film (one movie) due film (two movies)Una foto (one photo) due foto (two photos) Learning the gender and number of each noun takes practice, so don’t stress if you still make mistakes. Usually, Italians will still be able to understand you, so just focus on expressing yourself and don’t worry about having perfect grammar. The goal of learning a foreign language will always be connection instead of perfection.

Saturday, December 21, 2019

Essay about The Prescription Drug Abuse Crisis - 1690 Words

The rate of death due to prescription drug abuse in the U.S. has escalated 313 percent over the past decade. According to the Congressional Quarterly Transcription’s article Rep. Joe Pitt Holds a Hearing on Prescription Drug Abuse, opioid prescription drugs were involved in 16,650 overdose-caused deaths in 2010, accounting for more deaths than from overdoses of heroin and cocaine. Prescribed drugs or painkillers sometimes condemn a patient to lifelong addiction, according to Dr. Tom Frieden, director of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. This problem not only affects the lives of those who overdose but it affects the communities as well due to the convenience of being able to find these items in drug stores and such.†¦show more content†¦Every individual has his or her own reason for abusing prescribed drugs but this does not justify their decisions. The effects of drug addiction make up an infinite list but its greatest effect is on the brain. Drug addicts experiment with substance abuse depending on the side effects of the drug used. If the drug is an opioid or painkiller, then the subject might be in a sleepy and stoic state. If it was a catalyst then the person is going to exhibit an excited and emotional behavior (i.e. talking a lot, laughing at nothing, babbling, and going through extreme emotion changes.) Depending on the type of drug the subject might even experience hallucinations that can cause them to even commit suicide (â€Å"Gwinnell, Esther, and Christine Adamec†). Some superficial indicators that a person is abusing these types of substances are bloodshot eyes, rapid weight lost, needle tracks, runny nose, and even poor personal hygiene. The side effects of drug abuse, as previously mentioned are magnified when it comes to the family. If the abuser is one or both of the parents/ guardians, the child might e nd up being mistreated and/or not taken care of. Furthermore, if the mother is pregnant, the baby might be born premature or underweight, have mental or physical problems, or have a disruptive later on in life. The most common cases are those in which there is a history of family violence. InShow MoreRelatedWhat Is The Total Economic Burden Of Prescription Opioid Abuse?1662 Words   |  7 PagesCurrent Event Paper 2 â€Å"The total economic burden of prescription opioid misuse alone in the United States is $78.5 billion a year, including the costs of healthcare, lost productivity, addiction treatment, and criminal justice involvement†. -The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Substance abuse disorders have been considered a major epidemic by public health authorities during this century. Most recently, those who use, and abuse opioids have been in the spotlight. The growing numberRead MorePrescription Opioid Abuse : An Increasing Epidemic With Solutions945 Words   |  4 Pages Prescription Opioid Abuse: An Increasing Epidemic with Solutions in Prescribing The rate of poisonings associated with drug overdoses has been on the rise, especially concerning those involving opioids (Paulozzie, Budnitz, Xi, 2006). The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) does not mince words regarding the status of opioid utilization in the United States: ?The United States is in the midst of an opioid overdose epidemic? (CDC, 2016). Opioids are now the most common cause of prescriptionRead MoreDrug Abuse And The United States879 Words   |  4 PagesThe issue of drug abuse and addiction in the United States has become much more relevant in the past few years. Drugs and the drug crisis were for the longest time something which was limited geographically, socially and racially. Which is to say that drugs were only a â€Å"problem† in the inner city. 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The drug abuse and opioid epidemic is not a new problem to the American society, actually it has been a serious problem for many years. So what is the situation of drug epidemic now, and how can we find effective ways to deal with this problem? A few writers who ponder this question are Nora D. Volkow,Read MoreIncentive Based Drug Policy Solution1317 Words   |  6 Pages INTRODUCTION The current opiod addiction problem in the United States is America’s worst drug problem ever. The consequences have been steadily worsening reflected in recovery rates and overdose deaths. According to the Center for Disease Control (CDC), over half a million people died of drug overdoses between 2000 and 2015 (Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2017). This paper will evaluate the operation, impact, and effectiveness of the policies and the degree to which they are used. ManyRead MoreThe Problem Of Prescription Drugs1279 Words   |  6 Pagesexperiment with prescription drugs and many they think prescription drugs are safer than illicit drugs found on the streets. â€Å"According to the National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse at Columbia University, teens who abuse prescription drugs are twice as likely to use alcohol, five times more likely to use marijuana, and twelve to twenty times more likely to use illegal street drugs such as heroin, Ecstasy and coc aine than teens who do not abuse prescription drugs† (Drug free world, n.dRead MoreAbuse Of Opioid Drug Prevention1174 Words   |  5 PagesAbuse of opioid pain relievers (OPRs) continues to increase in the United States. Opioid-related overdose deaths since 1999 have quadrupled, correlated with quadrupled dispensing of prescription opioids (Rudd et al., 2016, CDC, 217). Among these deaths, prescription opioids have been involved approximately half (CDC, 2017). According to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), the central issue is elevated prescribing rates of physicians and the solution to this problem is safer prescribing practicesRead MoreSaving Lives, And The Needle Exchange Program833 Words   |  4 Pagesbased on research data The large indicator of success of these programs is the documented 75 percent reduction in HIV transmissions associated with injection drug use said Anne Roach, spokeswoman for the Department of Public Health. â€Å"Vivitrol is a drug some experts think can revolutionize the treatment of heroin and prescription opioid abuse† (Tabachnick, n.d). Vivitrol- the Washington County Health Department has given 246 shots to 83 people in the program’s 3 1 / 2 years (it pays $523 a shot because

Thursday, December 12, 2019

Digital Literacies Multimodal Communication

Question: Discuss about theDigital Literaciesfor Multimodal Communication. Answer: Affect Theory and Multimodal Communication The Affect theory channelizes affects (i.e., emotions) into separate categories and forms a connection with its typical response. To my belief, the emotion joy is understood through smiling. The Affect theory is ascribed to psychologist Silvan Tomkins. The term affect, according to Tomkins theory, talks about the biological portion of emotion. According to me, it spawns biological events. Multimodal literacy, propounded by Professor Gunter Kress and Professor Carey Jewitt, mentions about varied ways of knowledge manifestations. Multimodal literacy, which I think, underscores structure of discourse by assessing the development of specific semiotic resources, such as language and images. Emeritus professor Michael Halliday adumbrated teaching approaches, as far as multimodal literacy is concerned. The Age of Augmentation According to me, the age of augmentation explicates the transition from the oral tradition to the digital literacy. The digital literacy mentions about the propagation of education through the aid of computer. Initially, the phase of oral tradition permeated the landscape. With the advent of the digital age, the system of education becomes completely computer-aided. The age of augmentation entails the moving away from the oral tradition to computer phase. With the emergence of digital phase, the computer mode replaces pen-paper mode. The digital phase, as I think, transforms the character of media consumerism, along with change of the nature of digital policies. Reflective Blogs The idea of digital literacy, according to me, becomes increasingly popular in the recent epoch. I understand that the digital world helps to spread information. It forms a medium of communication in the global society. With the coming of the digital era, the art and literature assume a new character. It helps in creating interactive media. The digital literacy forms a new norm in the current phase. The concept of digital literacy is indeed baffling. It is really difficult to grasp the concept of digital literacy. It underlines the spread of communication through a digitized mode. With the use of internet connection, people can communicate with others through the digital medium. The platforms such as Facebook and Twitter set important paradigm in this regard.