Thursday, January 30, 2020
Dream Essay Essay Imagine yourself 10 years from now. After spending most of your young life cramped inside of an overpopulated school, you are anxious to begin your dream job, the job that you have been waiting for since grade school. Now, itÃ¢â¬â¢s finally yours and no one can take it away from you, no matter how hard they try. Everyone has a dream that they would like to have come true later in life, whether itÃ¢â¬â¢s to have their dream job, or to meet their favorite celebrity. My dream in life is to finish school and become a doctor. I want this dream to come true because ever since the doctors at Saint Barnabas hospital saved my mother from dying from birth, my brother from dying from multiple asthma attacks, and my grandma from breast cancer, I knew I wanted to be like them someday, helping to save the lives of young(and old)people. There are multiple steps that I would have to take for me to fulfill my dream of becoming a doctor. The first step to accomplishing my goal is attending an Ivy League School. The best way to be able to attend an Ivy League School is getting admirable grades early. Ivy League Schools most likely wonÃ¢â¬â¢t admit you to their school if you start doing well in school late in high school. You should also challenge yourself academically. This means taking advanced courses, especially ones that offer college credits. Ivy League Schools prefer students who do well in a challenging course than one that does exceptional in an average one. Although this may be a tedious task, I believe that itÃ¢â¬â¢s worth the wait. To accomplish my goal to become a doctor, I will have to be very studious and diligent for me to be able to finish school. When I close my eyes, I can imagine myself 15, 20 years from now, accomplishing my dream of becoming a doctor. After a long day of working as a doctor in my office in California, I finally get to come home to my wonderful husband, 2 kids, 2 dogs, a turtle, a hamster, and a guinea pig. The scene when I get home is different everyday. Sometimes, I come home to the find everything serene and the kids doing homework or the kids watching television with the dogs at their feet. But other times, I come home to total chaos. The kids are fighting for no apparent reason and the house is flipped completely upside down. But, even with the chaos, I love my family and wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t change anything, even if I could. I can already imagine myself taking care of a patient. IÃ¢â¬â¢m working in my office when the doctors rush him in, telling me that heÃ¢â¬â¢s been in a horrible car accident and is unresponsive. They also tell me that a piece of the metal highway barrier has entered his body and when I look down, I can see it jutting out of the lower section of his thigh. We rush him into an operating room, give him the anesthesia, and start the procedure to remove the jutting highway barrier from the manÃ¢â¬â¢s body. After 6 hours, 3 cups of coffee, and a lot of skin and blood lost, we finally removed the piece of metal out of the manÃ¢â¬â¢s thigh. After the procedure, I got many accolades from my fellow doctors. Being a doctor demonstrates all of the capricious things that happen in life, but everyday, I revel the fact that I get to live out my dreams. Now that my dream is a reality, I can say that after many years of working hard in school, have accomplished my goal of becoming a doctor. Now, I can probably better understand how tired my mom actually was taking care of two kids and working full time. Working full time and becoming a mother to two kids makes me appreciate my mother even more than I already do. I know how hard she works to take care of me and my little brother and also to be able to pay all bills. Becoming a doctor changed my familyÃ¢â¬â¢s life because now, instead of them taking care of me, I am old enough to take care of myself, and my family members. I hope that instead of fantasizing about it, I will actually get to live out my dream 15, 20 years from now.
Wednesday, January 22, 2020
Teenagers today are spending more and more money on the extravagance of prom. The article by Jeffery Shaffer claims that high school proms have become an Ã¢â¬Å"exercise in the celebration of extravagance and indulgence.Ã¢â¬ In this article negative ideas and, inappropriate messages are conveyed to teens. Many of the ideas proposed in this article are eccentric, turning school tradition into competition of unlimited spending. Although the price for prom according to Shaffer has reached Ã¢â¬Å"more than $1,200 per coupleÃ¢â¬ and assumes Ã¢â¬Å"itÃ¢â¬â¢s the same or higherÃ¢â¬ , the price for prom in present years is beginning to near $2,000 a couple. Even with most high school students believing that it is worth it because of the great time they will have and the memories. From personal experience this year my friends as well as I are spending almost $700 on the entire prom event, for just our selfÃ¢â¬â¢s. This includes everything from dress, shoes, to limo and post prom events. The average high school student does receive financial help from their parent, opposed to in 1925-26 when Ã¢â¬Å"girls were not allowed to borrow money from the officeÃ¢â¬ . Showing the negative side of the expense for prom to teens could discourage them from going and have a great last high school experience. Causing them to later regret in life, such as three of my best friends who decided not to go to their prom last year but instead go to Six Flags. By reading this article teens might decide not to go to their prom thinking they wonÃ¢â¬â¢t regret it, when most of them will after sitting home while everyone is out. Many people such as Jeffery as well as myself that have Ã¢â¬Å"never been very interested in the party sceneÃ¢â¬ can still have a great time at something that would be filled with such great memories. If teens read something like this they might say to themselves Ã¢â¬ËI fit into that categoryÃ¢â¬â¢ and intern miss out on a fun filled night. Prom to most high school students is just an all night event of hanging out with friends and dancing, with an expensive price tag. If teens that feel they fit into a category such as this they should look at it as a night of just hanging out with friends. If they do that such as I did they wonÃ¢â¬â¢t miss out on their last high school experience, and wonÃ¢â¬â¢t have any regrets.
Tuesday, January 14, 2020
Summary: Harm Reduction Journal Gerevich, Bacskai, Farkas, and DanicsÃ¢â¬â¢ case report studied if Pavlovian conditioning can directly relate to death from overdose. The case followed a young that had been treated multiple times for an addiction to heroin. As a result for the multiple treatments studies have shown that drug overdose occurs most frequently when the patient accustomed to the drug gives up its use then after a while attempts to continue addictive behavior with the same dose before withdrawal. His daily dose had not differed even the fatal overdose, thus proving the conditioned tolerance failed to operate. This indicates that morphine concentrations measured in cases of drug related death do not differ substantially form those measured in cases where the outcome is not fatal. Conditioning can contribute to prevention of fatal cases however, also contribute to cases of tolerance becoming fatal. Summary: Pavlovian conditioning and Drug Overdose: When Tolerance FailsÃ SiegelÃ¢â¬â¢s performed a study of that which Pavlovian conditioning and drug overdose play an important and integral relationship with one another. Siegel researched and studied cases of overdose and examined rats injected with an opiate. He observed that Pavlovian conditioning contributes to tolerance when the user begins to make observations of the effects of the drug in the presence of cues that were previously paired with the drug. Two stimuli are present and one will presumably predict the other, this includes the drug. When the tolerance the chance for overdose increases as well. The unconditioned stimulus in PavlovÃ¢â¬â¢s conditioning is the effect of the drug.Ã This conditioning makes relapsing common because of the craving for unconditioned stimulus. It is necessary to allow extinction the cues that are presented with the drug in order for recovery. Overdose doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t necessarily have to c ome from the conditioning process but many experiments verify a higher risk if conditions are present. In 1927 Ivan Pavlov studied a direct relationship between a conditioned stimulus and an unconditioned stimulus. As the result of as series of conditionings, Pavlov discovered that the conditioned stimulus is able to create the same response as the unconditioned stimulus over a period of time. The relationship of the two is evident and a major factor in fatal overdoses, whether in drug overdose or binge drinking. The correlation between classic conditioning and overdose can be observed where tolerance fails. If one were to treat an addiction, one must acknowledge the conditioning process and eliminate conditioned cues related with the drug (Bacskai, Danics, Farkas & Gerevich, 2005). Cases where tolerance failed can be directly found in classical conditioning involved with drug or drinking paired cues and environmental cues as well as associated with the addiction, therefore the cue must be eliminated in order for proper recovery. Tolerance plays a crucial role in overdose as well as addiction. Overdose becomes fatal when tolerance does not occur. According to Siegel, Ã¢â¬Å"Evidence that drug tolerance depends not only upon experience with the drug but also experience with the drug-paired cuesÃ¢â¬ (p. 505, 2001). Addicts suffer from overdose primarily because they do not show the level of tolerance that they expect in drug-experienced individuals (Siegel, 2001). Those suffering with addiction have become conditioned not only physically, but also emotionally in need of the high that is released with a substance. The addiction is the conditioned stimulus, which leaves room for the effects of the drug or drink to be the unconditioned stimulus. Siegel found that events that occur during the drug administration directly correspond to a Pavlovian conditioning trial (2001). Over time the effects become a conditioned response in which they will relate the experience of the high as a cue. Cues are dangerous when de aling with conditioning and treatment. Cues accompanying the drug effect function as CSs, and the direct drug effect constitutes the UCS. Prior to any learning, this UCS elicits responses- UCRs- that compensate for drug-induced disturbances. After some pairings of the pre-drugs CS and pharmacological UCS, the drug compensatory response are elicited by drug-paired stimuli as CRs (Siegel, 2001, p. 505). Thus, in approach to treatment prior to an overdose, the cues must be eliminated. In the study by Siegel, it is studied that drugs and alcohol in particular will have a greater impact if they are administered in the presence of unique cues rather than in the presence of predictable cues that it is associated with (2011). In Bacskai, Danics, Farkas and Gerevich study, they followed the life of an addict which overdosed and claimed that the user could not recover properly due to learned conditioning regarding his heroin addiction. In the autopsy report they were able to clarify that his over dosage was the exact same as his no rmal dosage of .05mg/L. Ã¢â¬Å"The fatal consequences of the heroin injection may have been caused by the failure in the action of conditioned toleranceÃ¢â¬ (Bacskai, Danics, Farkas & Gerevich, 2005). Environmental cues are also factors of conditioning that are paired with cases of overdose. The term tolerance situational-specificity, according to Siegel, results because we prepare ourselves in advance for the psychological changes produced by the drug when we are provided with certain cues that a drug or drink can imminent (2011). An example can be taken from Shapiro and Nathan in1986 when they studied the relationship between environmental cues and substance ingested. They had two groups, one that drank at home and one that drank in the lab environment. After 10 days they reversed the environment for the remaining participants. Upon the discovery they realized that those who had consumed alcohol in the lab environment were less affected in their performance tasks than those who consumed alcohol in the home environment. This demonstrating that tolerance was situationally precise to the environment in which the alcohol was once consumed. Environmental cues can be anywhere from a p arty to a room in a house. They can also be an atmosphere or specific type of people. It is important to identify these cues apart from the actual addiction. Now that cues can be identified separate from the drug of drink, the conditionedÃ response must be eliminated in order to treat recovery. Pavlov discovered that in order to eliminate a behavior, it is necessary to remove or substitute the conditioned stimulus. In order to eliminate any such cue, one must identify the cues present. In severe cases one might create a lesion in the hippocampal area located in the brain but it is not completely necessary. The most likely case in elimination is when a conditioned response becomes extinct. In order for extinction to occur the conditioned stimulus must be presented without the unconditioned stimulus. An example of a drug or drinking paired cue could be a positive or negative factor, like vomiting or, a party like environment. The cue can be created with induced vomiting when the drug or alcohol is present. This creates a fear tactic, which becomes associated with the addiction and thus making one afraid of the substance. Environmental cues can be both simple and difficult to eliminate. One must be taken out of his or hers setting of addiction. This could mean a living room, bathroom, party scene, work scene, or anywhere that the drug or drinking is associated with. These environments can cause pr essure in the subconscious toward the substance. Remember the Shapiro and Nathan experiment in1986; environment does affect oneÃ¢â¬â¢s attitude toward the addiction. In SiegelÃ¢â¬â¢s 2001 study he discovered that when heroin was injected in an unfamiliar place the user is not as dangerous or place to overdose. The dangers of not eliminating cues can allow tolerance to take its role until overdose occurs. Ã¢â¬Å"Users familiar with the concept of conditioned place preference could have greater chances of survival than those who are not aware of itÃ¢â¬ (Bacskai, Danics, Farkas & Gerevich, 2005). Demonstrating that it is necessary for the cues to be eliminated to reduce the risk of overdose. Therefore, PavlovÃ¢â¬â¢s conditioning has a direct and present relationship involved in overdose cases. Conditioning turns unconditioned stimulus into conditioned responses. The responses can act as cues, which can trigger the addiction. Cues can be both drug, or drinking paired and environmentally stimulated. Tolerance has been proven to fail in fatal cases of overdose due to classical conditioning. In order to recover properly these cues must be eliminated. Treatments can include anything from fear tactics, to removingÃ the entire substance. Severe cases of addiction, which relate to overdose can be treated with lesions in the brain. References Gerevich, J., Bacskai, E., Farkas, L., & Danics, Z. (2005). A case report: Pavlovian conditioning as a risk factor of heroin Ã¢â¬Å"overdoseÃ¢â¬ death. Harm Reduction Journal, 2. Siegel, S. (2011). The Four-Loko Effect. Perspective on Psychological Science, 6, 357-361. Siegel, S. (2001). Pavlovian conditioning and drug overdose: When tolerance fails. Addiction Research and Theory, 9, 503-513. Shapiro, A. P., Nathan, P. E. (1986). Human tolerance to alcoholÃ¢â¬ The role of Pavlovian conditioning processes. Psychopharmacology, 88, 90, 95.
Monday, January 6, 2020
Ã¢â¬Å"No, this canÃ¢â¬â¢t be right.Ã¢â¬ Sonya paced the breadth of the room while the thief sat at the edge of the bed. Ã¢â¬Å"I was told it was rogues or something, not an assassin. More importantly, why would the High Council just kill a random merchant? He wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t shouting blasphemy at them or a traitor to the kingdom.Ã¢â¬ The girl shrugged. Ã¢â¬Å"I just know the killed him off. If you want more questions answered, you could always come with me and we could check it out for ourselves. I already need to give them a visit myself, so why not join me?Ã¢â¬ Sonya laughed. Ã¢â¬Å"You expect us to just walk up to them and ask why they assassinated someone? We would be their next targets and wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t even need to be secretly killed.Ã¢â¬ She shook her head. Ã¢â¬Å"No, I need to care for myÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬Å"What are you trying to pull here?Ã¢â¬ Elona shrugged. Ã¢â¬Å"Nothing, I just wanted to see your reaction. I could do all the magic in the world, doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t mean proof. Now what does equal proof is my friend over there on your shoulder.Ã¢â¬ Sonya turned her head and let out a blood curdling scream. A small black hair ball was floating half an inch above her shoulder and staring at her. Sonya stepped back and tripped over her own feet, her eyes refusing to look away from the strange creature that was floating down to the ground. It shook its fur out and scuttled over to Elona. Ã¢â¬Å"What is that thing? A homunculus?Ã¢â¬ Elona laughed. Ã¢â¬Å"No, itÃ¢â¬â¢s a fairy. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t you know what those are? Well I guess you wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t since they donÃ¢â¬â¢t tend to be attracted and stay with people for long unless they can sense strong magic potential within someone.Ã¢â¬ She lifted the fairy up into her arms and shoved him inside of her shirt. Sonya could see a small lump in ElonaÃ¢â¬â¢s clothes that traveled around as the fairy found a comfortable hiding spot again. Ã¢â¬Å"Proof enough for you, now?Ã¢â¬ Sonya nodded. Ã¢â¬Å"Yea, just keep that thing away from me. I donÃ¢â¬â¢t want to catch some kind of fairy flu or pox or whatever kind of disease that thing carries.Ã¢â¬ She could hear growling in retort where the fairy was hiding. Ã¢â¬Å"I doubt he could give you any disease.Ã¢â¬ Elona walked over to the window and stared outside.Show MoreRelatedshort story1018 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesÃ¯ » ¿Short Stories:Ã Ã Characteristics Ã¢â¬ ¢ShortÃ - Can usually be read in one sitting. Ã¢â¬ ¢Concise:Ã Ã Information offered in the story is relevant to the tale being told.Ã Ã This is unlike a novel, where the story can diverge from the main plot Ã¢â¬ ¢Usually tries to leave behind aÃ single impressionÃ or effect.Ã Ã Usually, though not always built around one character, place, idea, or act. Ã¢â¬ ¢Because they are concise, writers depend on the reader bringingÃ personal experiencesÃ andÃ prior knowledgeÃ to the story. 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